What is the most common causative agent of malaria in the Philippines?

What is the most common agent of malaria in the Philippines?

Most malaria cases in the country occur in forested, swampy, hilly and mountainous regions. The majority (72%) of the cases are due to P. falciparum and 26% to P. vivax, while 1.3% are due to other unspecified species, and 0.7% are mixed infections.

What is the causative agent in malaria?

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

Where in the Philippines has the most malarial infections?

In 2017, the leading region with the highest number of malaria cases in the Philippines was the MIMAROPA region, which had 1.5 thousand cases.

What part of Philippines has malaria?

Risk is generally low in rural areas. Low risk is also present on the islands of Mindanao (specifically Davao del Norte and Sultan Kudarat), Palawan, and the Sulu Archipelago. Of the five species of human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous.

Where is malaria most common?

Malaria occurs in more than 100 countries and territories. About half of the world’s population is at risk. Large areas of Africa and South Asia and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Oceania are considered areas where malaria transmission occurs.

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Is malaria viral or bacterial?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.

What are the three modes of transmission for malaria?

Mode of Transmission: Malaria is transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles mosquito. Transfusion of blood from infected persons and use of contaminated needles and syringes are other potential modes of transmission. Congenital transmission of malaria may also occur.

What is the best medicine for malaria?

ACT is a combination of two or more drugs that work against the malaria parasite in different ways. This is usually the preferred treatment for chloroquine-resistant malaria.

Medications

  • Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone)
  • Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin) with doxycycline (Oracea, Vibramycin, others)
  • Primaquine phosphate.

What are the vector species that transmit malaria in the Philippines?

The principal vector of malaria in the Philippines is An. minimus flavirostris which breeds in clear, fresh-water streams in foothills and mountain slopes.

What part of the Philippines is endemic with malaria 2020?

The Department of Health (DOH) said that only four provinces in the country remain endemic for malaria. The four provinces are Palawan, Sulu, Occidental Mindoro, and Sultan Kudarat, the health department said in a statement.