What happened to the Philippines when the Spaniards came?
The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. The Philippines then became a territory of the United States.
What did Spaniards do to the Philippines?
Under Spanish rule, Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity. They also founded schools, a university, hospitals, and churches. To defend their settlements, the Spaniards constructed and manned a network of military fortresses across the archipelago. Slavery was also abolished.
How did events in Spain affect the Philippines?
Spain colonized the Philippines from 1565 to 1898. … The Spanish landholding system based on private ownership of land replaced the Filipino system of communal landownership. Thus, when the Spanish rule ended, the Filipinos found many aspects of their way of life bearing the indelible imprint of Hispanization.
What is the old name of the Philippines?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
How many years did the Spanish rule the Philippines?
On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years. On July 4, 1946, the Americans recognized Philippine independence.
What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
The effects of colonization on the native populations in the New World were mistreatment of the natives, harsh labor for them, and new ideas about religion for the spaniards.
What are the 3 main reason of the Spanish colonization?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What are the negative effects of American colonization in the Philippines?
Negative effects: a bloody war, the Philippine-American War, arose as a result of Filipino revolt against American rule. Over one million Filipinos died as a result of the war. The Philippines was left without a strong leader and suffered economically.
What was Philippines before Spaniards?
Philippines Before the Spanish
Before European colonization, different parts of the Philippines at different times, were parts of or outposts for Southeast Asian kingdoms, most notably the powerful Majapahit Kingdom in East Java, which ruled over the islands of what is now Indonesian from 1294 to the 15th century.
How did America rule the Philippines?
The United States invaded the Philippines, which was then governed by Spain as the Spanish East Indies, during the Spanish–American War. … America then held the Philippines until granting full independence on July 4, 1946.
How did the Spaniards influence the Philippine literature?
SPANISH INFLUENCES ON PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
Ancient literature was collected and translated to Tagalog and other dialects. The Spanish language which became the literary language during this time lent many of its words to our language. … Many grammar books were printed in Filipino, like Tagalog, Ilocano and Visayan.
What are the positive effects of Spanish colonization?
Spain’s purposes to colonize Mexico and the other colonies were getting new land, resources, and to spread Christianity. As they conquered Mexico, they got new land. Spain plundered lots of resources from their colonies, opened up trade and get profits and spread Christianity.
How did Spain colonized the Philippines?
The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898. … According to the Pew Research Center, more than 80 percent of Filipinos were Catholic in 2010.