How did Plasencia describe the society of the pre Hispanic Filipino?
Father Plasencia describes Filipinos as being divided into four social conditions or “estates”: principales, hidalgos, pecheros, and esclavos. … Those in the First Estate have the right to trial by their peers, those in the Second to trial by those in the First. The Third have no right to trial at all.
What is the main idea of Customs of the Tagalogs by Juan de Plasencia?
Customs of the Tagalogs, just like any other colonial texts written during the Spanish colonial period, was intentionally made to provide an exoticize description of the Tagalog natives, clearly fed by politics and propaganda and operated with the Western-outsider’s gaze, that would be appealing to them.
When did Juan de Plasencia serve in the Philippine Islands?
He is believed to have arrived to the Philippines on July 2, 1578, after a stopover in Mexico. As soon as he arrived, he joined forces with another missionary, Fray Diego de Oropesa, and they both started preaching around Laguna de Bay and Tayabas, Quezon, in Quezon Province, where he founded several towns.
The Tagalog had a three-class social structure consisting of the alipin (commoners, serfs, and slaves), the maharlika (warrior nobility), and finally the maginoo. Only those who could claim royal descent were included in the maginoo class.
What is the meaning of pre Hispanic?
: of, relating to, or being the time prior to Spanish conquests in the western hemisphere.
How was the early Filipino society and culture like before the Spanish colonization?
Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese. … The Philippines regained its independence in 1946. Filipinos are a freedom-loving people, having waged two peaceful, bloodless revolutions against what were perceived as corrupt regimes.
Why do we need to study Filipino cultures?
Cultural heritage and natural history of a nation has a very high value and is unique. Culture and its heritage reflect and shape values, beliefs, and aspirations, thereby defining a people’s national identity. It is important to preserve our cultural heritage, because it keeps our integrity as a people.
Why Plasencia’s customs of the Tagalogs important to the grand narratives of Philippine history?
Answer: It is important to the grand Spanish narrative as civilizer and savior of our doomed souls from eternal hellfire. That’s why the Spaniards will quote it forever as their prime authoritative source to show just how primitive we were and how great their contribution was to our development.
What did the Spanish friars taught to the native Filipinos?
The early friars learned the local languages to better communicate with the locals. In order to teach the Spanish language to the native population, the friars learned the local languages first, which also made possible the teaching of the Christian faith.
Where did Plasencia died?
Which is higher Maharlika or Timawa?
Unlike the Timawa, however, the Maharlika were more militarily-oriented than the Timawa nobility of the Visayas. … He distinguished them from the hereditary nobility class of the Tagalogs (the maginoo class, which included the datu).
D. Students will learn about: who the Ilustrados, Creoles, Mestizos, and the Peninsulares are, and the role these ethnic groups played in the development of the Filipino Nationalism.
Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, race, education, and power. … Other groups of people, with progressively fewer and fewer resources, represent the lower layers of our society.