Why did Vietnamese refugees come to America?
Early immigrants were refugee boat people, loyal to South Vietnam in the conflict who fled political persecution or sought economic opportunities. More than half of Vietnamese Americans reside in the two most populous states of California and Texas, primarily their large urban areas.
What happened to the Vietnamese after the Vietnam War?
They were subjected to torture and brainwashing and forced to do hard labour in inhospitable areas of the country. Some who were taken away to the camps were never seen again. In total, about a million people in the former South Vietnam were subjected to some form of “re-education.”
How long did the Orderly Departure Program last?
The beginnings were difficult. In the first 8 years of the program (1979–87), just 125,000 persons were resettled. But over the next 10 years, more than half a million Vietnamese left their country under the auspices of the program, to resettle in more than 30 different countries.
How many died in the Vietnam War?
In 1995 Vietnam released its official estimate of the number of people killed during the Vietnam War: as many as 2,000,000 civilians on both sides and some 1,100,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died.