Where does Indonesia import rice from?
In recent years Indonesia has needed to import around three million tons of rice annually, mainly from Thailand and Vietnam, to safeguard the country’s rice reserves. These imports are handled by state procurement agency Bulog (the National Logistics Agency).
Is rice native to Indonesia?
Evidence of wild rice cultivation on the island of Sulawesi dates back from 3000 BCE. Rice has been a staple food for Indonesians for a millennia and holds a central place in Indonesian culture and cuisine.
How does rice grow in Indonesia?
Rice is grown at varying altitudes, with about 75 per cent of plantings in irrigated areas and less than 10 percent on rainfed lowlands. Most rice production takes place on the island of Java under irrigation. Lowland varieties belong mainly to the indica sub-species and about 85% of them are high-yielding.
How much rice does Indonesia import?
In 2019, Indonesia produced 33.5 million tonnes of milled rice and imported 444,508 tonnes of rice, which means that almost all of Indonesia’s rice is produced domestically (BPS, 2018).
Why is rice a staple food in Indonesia?
Most of the Indonesian population rely on rice as a single staple food and there is no self-sufficiency on rice production. Therefore, Indonesia is still dependent on imports from Thailand and Vietnam to secure the domestic rice supply.
What is Indonesia famous for producing?
The major food crops, ranked by area harvested, are rice, corn, cassava, soybeans and peanuts. Indonesia is also one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of tree crops such as rubber, copra, palm kernels, palm oil, coffee, cocoa and spices (Ministry of Agriculture, 2001).
What kind of rice is used in Indonesia?
Indonesians typically eat steamed long-grain rice with their meals (sticky rice is usually used for desserts or sweet snacks). Indonesian rice isn’t exported, but jasmine or other long-grain rice may be substituted. From Padang, Indonesia, comes a recipe for making perfect steamed rice.
What type of rice is grown in Bali?
For thousands of years, the Balinese people have been growing rice and cultivating the beautiful rice terraces of Bali where three kinds of rice are grown: white rice, black rice and red rice. The white rice is the most common one while the red rice is much rarer and more expensive.
What is traditional Indonesian food?
Some popular Indonesian dishes such as nasi goreng, gado-gado, satay, and soto are ubiquitous in the country and are considered national dishes. … However, later in 2018, the same ministry has chosen 5 national dish of Indonesia; they are soto, rendang, satay, nasi goreng, and gado-gado.
How much rice does Bali produce?
Indonesia Rice Production: Bali data was reported at 836.097 Ton th in 2017.
What are rice fields called?
paddy – an irrigated or flooded field where rice is grown.