Is tuberculosis endemic or epidemic?
TB should be thought of as a slowly progressing worldwide epidemic. Initially it was a disease of lower mammals, and the etiologic agent probably preceded the development of man on earth. It became an uncommon endemic disease in man about the time man began to settle in villages and develop agriculture.
Is TB common in the Philippines?
About 1 million Filipinos have active TB disease. This is the third highest prevalence rate in the world, after South Africa and Lesotho. It is a highly curable disease. Yet, it is the number one killer among all infectious diseases.
Why is tuberculosis common in the Philippines?
The people of the Philippines have many risk factors for latent TB infection and TB disease, including poverty and lack of access to quality health care.
Where is TB endemic?
In 2019, the 30 high TB burden countries accounted for 87% of new TB cases. Eight countries account for two thirds of the total, with India leading the count, followed by Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.
What are the 3 types of tuberculosis?
- Active TB Disease. Active TB is an illness in which the TB bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. …
- Miliary TB. Miliary TB is a rare form of active disease that occurs when TB bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. …
- Latent TB Infection.
Is TB 100 percent curable?
Tuberculosis (TB) is 100% curable if treated with the approved four drug combination for a minimum of six months. You will start feeling better within two to four weeks after starting treatment. However, it is very important to complete the whole course of antibiotics or; else the disease will get worse.
How much is TB treatment in Philippines?
A six- to nine-month course of anti-TB drugs could cost PHP3,000 to PHP4,000.
Is Philippines high risk for TB?
In 2019, the Philippines had the highest TB incidence in Asia with 554 cases per 100,000 people, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report. Approximately, 74 Filipinos die of TB every day and is among the top 10 causes of death in the country.
What is the herbal cure for TB?
Garlic is an effective home remedy for TB. It contains a compound – Allicin – which is active against the bacterium that causes TB. which helps in fighting tuberculosis. Adding fresh garlic to a regular diet or steeping some garlic in water can work wonders and can help keep our body safe from TB.
What is the symptoms of tuberculosis?
Typical symptoms of TB include:
- a persistent cough that lasts more than 3 weeks and usually brings up phlegm, which may be bloody.
- weight loss.
- night sweats.
- high temperature.
- tiredness and fatigue.
- loss of appetite.
- swellings in the neck.
Which country is TB free?
Lakshadweep and Jammu and Kashmir’s Budgam district are the first in the country to be declared TB-free, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan Singh said on Wednesday as he called for a “TB Mukt Bharat’.
Where is TB most common?
Worldwide, TB is most common in Africa, the West Pacific, and Eastern Europe. These regions are plagued with factors that contribute to the spread of TB, including the presence of limited resources, HIV infection, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB. (See Epidemiology.)