Is dengue endemic in Singapore?


Is dengue an epidemic in Singapore?

With the reduced A. aegypti population, Singapore experienced a 15-year period of low dengue incidence. However, since the 1990s, the incidence of dengue has surged despite the low premises index (Figure 1).

Is dengue an endemic?

The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. The America, South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions are the most seriously affected, with Asia representing ~70% of the global burden of disease.

Where is dengue fever endemic?

The disease is common in many popular tourist destinations in the Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. In the United States, local cases and limited spread of dengue does occur periodically in some states with hot, humid climates and Aedes mosquitoes.

How serious is dengue in Singapore?

First-time dengue infections can be severe, especially among the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions, and repeat dengue infections have been associated with a higher occurrence of severe dengue. Dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome can be fatal.

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How bad is dengue in Singapore?

Singapore is in the midst of a dengue outbreak, with weekly cases quadrupling in the last three months and hitting a three-year high of 467 cases in the week ending June 15. The 5,184 dengue cases as of June 15 already far exceeds the 3,285 cases reported in 2018 and the 2,772 cases in 2017.

Who is most at risk of dengue?

Being in tropical and subtropical areas increases your risk of exposure to the virus that causes dengue fever. Especially high-risk areas include Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America and Africa. You have had dengue fever in the past.

Is dengue transmitted by kissing?

An infected mosquito can later transmit that virus to healthy people by biting them. Dengue cannot be spread directly from one person to another, and mosquitoes are necessary for transmission of the dengue virus.

How long will dengue last?

How Long Does Dengue Fever Last? Symptoms can start anywhere from 4 days to 2 weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito, and typically last for 2 to 7 days.

How do you confirm dengue?

Diagnosing Dengue Fever

Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it. If you become sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection.

Do all black and white mosquitoes carry dengue?

Foremost, you need to bust the dengue myth that every mosquito bite will cause dengue. Only the female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes can spread the dengue virus and in fact, these mosquitoes can transfer the infection only when they themselves are infected.

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Does Dengue Fever stay in your system?

The disease has a 3- to 15-day incubation period and begins with flu-like symptoms. In most individuals, the disease lasts about 3-10 days, but some symptoms and signs may linger. Medical professionals usually diagnose the disease with a blood test (PCR or an immunologic test).