Best answer: How does damming of the Mekong River affect the livelihoods of the people and the river’s ecosystem?

What is the benefit of Damming the Mekong?

The long-term cost of dams

Damming the Mekong will: impact the region’s natural monsoonal flood/drought cycles. block sediment and nutrient transfer, and seriously impact the fish and aquatic life of the river and wetlands.

Why is the Mekong River important to people?

From its source in the Tibetan Plateau to its end in Vietnam, the Mekong River is a critical source of drinking water for the millions of people who live in its watershed.

What are the key issues affecting people living on the Mekong River?

Population growth, poor land-use planning and economic policies that encourage the unsustainable use of natural resources are among the factors increasing deforestation and biodiversity loss across the Greater Mekong region.

Why did China build dams in Mekong River?

China has constructed 11 giant dams along the mountainous territory of the Upper Mekong to sustain its ever-increasing energy needs. The management of water flows has long been a concern for many living along the river.

What is the primary benefit of building hydroelectric dams on the Mekong River?

According to the MRC Council Study on the Sustainable Management and Development of the Mekong River Basin including Impacts of Mainstream Hydropower Projects, the LMB could see economic gains from full hydropower development of more than $160 billion by 2040. Development of hydropower brings synergies with other water …

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How does the Mekong River help the economy?

The Mekong River connects China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam physically and economically. … Thailand’s power imports from Laos encourages Lao hydropower development, which in turn impacts livelihoods and fisheries in Northeast Thailand and all other downstream countries.

How did the Mekong river get polluted?

The pollution is due in part to the expansion of rice fields from 3.2 million hectares in 1995 to 3.9 million hectares this year and the increased use of fertilizers and pesticides. Another reason is pond expansion to grow pangasius (basa and tra).

Why is the Mekong River at Risk?

Two main risks include the obstruction of the estimated 600 migratory fish species that swim to their spawning ground and the trapping of sediment by dams upstream that prohibits the replenishment of the delta’s nutrients.